Author : Shashank Khasgiwale

Category : Trends

Indian Cinema - An emerging voyage

The Indian cinema has a great essence of its own past glory. The first motion picture back then released as a silent movie named “Raja Harishchandra”. The Film was produced and directed by Late Mr. Dadasaheb Phalke, who is known as a pioneer of Indian film industry. Film released on 3rd May 1913 and was shown at the Coronation Cinematograph, Mumbai (back then known as Bombay).  From then the journey of an Indian cinema had begun.

Soon Hindi cinema started to known as a Bollywood. Bollywood has its own flavour of trends. And these trends kept changing through the years. Film making trends changed as specific time era has passed. Indian films can be categorized into 4 categories defined by the time span. I will explain these in brief.

The first era of the Indian cinema began after the release of the first Indian sound film “Alam Ara”. This era involves the movies that have been made from 1940 to 1960. Movies made in this period had a story of a common or poor man, and a story would show how the “Hero” aka common man of the film strives against his problems he faces, how he struggles to conquer over his worst condition. This genre of a story would make an immense impact on the audience, and hence audience would relate to the protagonists from a movie to themselves as most of the citizens of India back then used to belong to poor or ordinary families. This combo of characters in films and audience led film industry into the laps of success. This era was made famous by its name “Golden era”. Movies like Awara(1951), Shree 420(1955) and Mother India(1957) were critically acclaimed and said to be successful Blockbusters as well. The actors from this era used to believe in method acting only. Actors and actresses like Raj Kapoor and Nargis Dutta were at the top of the pyramid of popularity as well as success. Actors from this era were sober to look with a moustache at their disposal. Actresses from this early era had only one thing in their life to follow that to look the very sati-Savitri type, whose scope was limited to their house, family and their husbands.          

The next era that industry gave birth to was a whole lot of into transformation than its preceding era. This era introduced a romance and action thriller genre to the Indian film industry. The Audience seems to like this new genre too. Movies like Aaradhana (1969), Aanand (1970), Bobby (1973) and Sholey (1975) imprinted their mark of success on box office. Actors like Rajesh Khanna, and Amitabh Bachchan, Vinod Khanna had carried this era on their shoulder successfully. Rajesh Khanna got popularity because of his image of a chocolate hero; he gained the popularity mostly in ladies audience. Even though Dev Anand got his breakthrough in late 40’s and early 50’s, he got recognition as a romantic actor in 60’s decade. Films like Manzil, Tere Ghar Ke Samne, Jab Pyar Kisi Se Hota Hai, and Mehal gave him vivid recognition as a romantic hero. This era also will be remembered for the rise of a villain in the film industry. Specifically, Ramesh Sippy’s Sholay was one of the movies in which villain got as higher credibility as a hero. Gabbar Singh, played by Late Mr. Amjad Khan not only made this role but also film immortal. Even today people still remember his dialogues like “Kitne Aadmi the?” The legendary actor Mr. Amitabh Bachchan also emerged in this era. The image of the “angry young man” was also introduced by him in these decades. This era was all about tremendous changes in the film industry. This era spans the years 1960 to 1980.    

The next and 3rd era of the Indian cinema was the most exciting and hip happening. This era saw the most diversification of all things that are related to a movie. The advanced technology was used first time in this era. The first Hindi science fiction movie Mr. India starred Anil Kapoor, Shreedevi, And Amrish Puri was released in 1987. The character of Mr. India and Mogambo are still remembered. Amrish Puri’s controlling screen existence and high pitched and powerful voice made him stand out amongst the other villains of those days. Late 80’s and early 90’s era was also determined to be the style altering era of Bollywood.  The music in the 90’s reverberated on a very large scale on the Hindi movies; it has its different identification than the movies in the past era. The romance creates a different cult in the movies and music in 90’s. The stories in those movies usually orbit around the lead hero of the movie. The protagonist fights against the villain, and save his love for a lady. The actors like Shah Rukh Khan, Amir Khan, Salman Khan, and Ajay Devgan. Akshay Kumar and Saif Ali Khan made this era to get going. Each and every one of them has their own image. But the common part between them is that everyone was very good at delivering romance at its best. Music in this era also brought freshness into the light. Composers like Nadeem-Shravan, Jatin-Lalit, Anand-Milind, Anu Malik composed most diversify music in the industry. Even singers like Kumar Sanu, Udit Narayan, Alka Yagnik, Sadhana Sargam, Vinod Rathod made those compositions more saccharine by their chariot like voice. This era is also known as last great era of the music.

The later era of Indian movies started in the 2000s. The movies in this era mostly depicted on modernization in the country, that’s why this era was also called as a modern era of Indian films. The romance was still at the core of storyline of the film, but some new movies introduced different and whacky and realistic storyline of all time. Movies like Dil Chahata Hai(2001), Rehana Hai Tere Dil Main(2001), Ajnabi(2001), Munnabhai MBBS(2003), Slumdog Millionaire(2008) and Gangs of Wasseypur (2012) had set different type of standard in the industry. Music in early 2000s movies had a touch of melodious touch of music, but as industry progress, the movies had lost its melodious touch somewhere. This era also introduced us a fascinating power like advanced technology. Movies like Ra-One (2011), Koi...Mil Gaya (2003), Krrish(2006), Tarzan- The Wonder Car(2005), Bahubali – The Beginning (2015), Bahubali-The Conclusion(2017) used high technology and animation.

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